Tuesday, 19 March 2013

MNREGA (2005)-A act of government of india





The national rural employment guarantee act is landmark legislaton in indian history of social security legislation after independence.enacted after a successful struggle for an employment guarantee legislation,this legislation is a partial victory towards a full fleded right to employment in any developing country context.

For the first time,right to work has been made a legal compulsion and entitlement for unemployment allowances in case of non-allotment of employment assured through this act.what is considered to be crucial is the empowerment of the poor through the provision of a right-based law,which would act as a strong safety net in the lack of alternative employment opportunities for poor people.
The other key attributes of ths scheme are time bound guarantee,lab or intensive work,decentralized participatory planning,women empowerment,work site facilities and above all,transparency and accountability through the provision of social audits and right to information.MNRGEA is a unique and unprecendented effort in strengthening grass-root democracy in india.
In west Bengal ,GP is the primary progarm implementing agency of NREGA along with other PRI bodies and line departments.
A study conducted by Dipjoy sen roy & Debabrata samanta on the good governance with west Bengal case took following five indicators which quantify the quality of governance
1. participation
2.Transparency
3.Accountability
4.Effectiveness & efficiency
5.Equity
If NREGA worksites were open only for one day in the year,one would find 216 crore people working !
on average each house hold ( that work on NAREGA works ) got 48 days of employment.
Tamil Nadu is another good example states from which there is much to learn. In Tamil Nadu , state government first focused on the basics improving capacity at the GP and block lables and putting system in place. Great attention was paid to details such as the design of formats for keeping , monitoring mechanisms here i introduce with a great example regarding to Tamil Nadu government action for NREGA. that is the job card in Tamil Nadu includes illustrations aimed at awareness generation apart from being innovative in recording attendence and payment. Tamil Nadu was at the bottom of the ladder in 2006-2007. Yet by 2009-2010 it was close to the top.

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