Thursday, 27 December 2012


                              ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

 The economic development in India followed socialist-inspired policies for most of its independent history, including state-ownership of many sectors; extensive regulation and red tape known as "licence raj"; and isolation from the world economy. India's per capita income increased at only around 1% annualized rate in the three decades after Independence. Since the mid-1980s, India has slowly opened up its markets through economic liberazation. After more fundamental reforms since 1991 and their renewal in the 2000s, India has progressed towards a free market economy.

In the late 2000s, India's growth reached 7.5%, which will double the average income in a decade. Analystssay  that if India pushed more fundamental market reforms, it could sustain the rate and even reach the government's 2011 target of 10%. States have large responsibilities over their economies.maharashtra has proved all time hit contributor to boost up the economic rise since independence. The annualized 1999–2008 growth rates for Tamilnadu (9.8), Gujarat (9.6%), Haryana (9.1%), or Delhi (8.9%) were significantly higher than for Bihar (5.1%), Uttar Pradesh(4.4%), or Madyah Pradesh (6.5%). India is the tenth-largest economy in the world and the third-largest by purchasing power parity adjusted exchange rates (PPP). On per capita basis, it ranks140th in the world or 129th by PPP.
The economic growth has been driven by the expansion of services that have been growing consistently faster than other sectors. It is argued that the pattern of Indian development has been a specific one and that the country may be able to skip the intermediate industrialization-led phase in the transformation of its economic structure. Serious concerns have been raised about the jobless nature of the economic growth.
Favourable macroeconomic performance has been a necessary but not sufficient condition for the significant reduction of poverty among the Indian population. The rate of poverty decline has not been higher in the post-reform period (since 1991). The improvements in some other non-economic dimensions of social development have been even less favourable. The most pronounced example is an exceptionally high and persistent level of child malnutrition (46% in 2005–6).
The progress of economic reforms in India is followed closely. The world bank suggests that the most important priorities are public sector reform, infrastructure, agricultural and rural development, removal of labor regulations, reforms in lagging states, and HIV/AIDS. For 2012, India ranked 132nd in Ease of Doing Business index which is setback as compared with China 91st and Brazil 126th. According to Index of economic freedom World Ranking an annual survey on economic freedom of the nations, India ranks 123rd as compared with China and Russia which ranks 138th and 144th respectively in 2012.
Here some of indian companies data are given.they showed that what india gained in industrial field so indian economy going through a turning movement i.e.development economy to developed economy :-
47 Indian companies were listed in the Forbes Global 2000 ranking for 2009. 

  INDIA GDP RATE SINCE 2001 -2009 -

YearGrowth (real) (%)
2002   4.3
  SO finally indian economic rate and indian policies are good in 21th century.


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